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Mar 05th
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Iran’s Beauties in Photos: Bam Citadel

Iran’s Beauties in Photos: Bam Citadel

The historic building with an approximate area of 200,000 square metres has been listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site “Bam and Its Cultural Landscape”.

The origin of this enormous citadel on the Silk Road can be traced back to the Achaemenid Empire (sixth to fourth centuries BCE) and even beyond. The entire building was a large fortress containing the citadel, but because of the impressive look of the citadel, which forms the highest point, the whole fortress is named the Bam Citadel.

This historic citadel is made up of several architectural forms, including the walls, the tower, numerous gates, mosques, bazaars, caravanserais, schools, baths, zurkhaneh (sports place) and residential neighbourhoods.

The rulers’ part in the most internal wall, holding the citadel, barracks, mill, 4-season house, water-well (dug in the rocky earth and about 40 metres deep), and a stable for 200 horses.

The ruled-over part surrounding the rulers’ place, consisting of the main entrance of the entire fortress-city and the bazaar alongside of the North-to-South spinal axis (which connects the main entrance to the citadel), and around 400 houses with their associated public buildings (such as a school and sport place).

The citadel consists of four main sections: a residential zone, the stables, the army barracks and the governor’s residence.

Arg-e Bam has 38 watchtowers and four entrance gates, and the outer defence wall is surrounded by a moat. The Government Quarters are on a rocky hill, protected by a double fortification wall.

On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam and its environs, but it is now restored and the restoration process of this building goes through the end.

The modern city of Bam has gradually developed as an agricultural and industrial centre, and until the 2003 earthquake was experiencing rapid growth. In particular, the city is known for its dates and citrus fruit, irrigated by a substantial network of qanats. The city also benefited from tourism, with an increasing number of people visiting the ancient citadel in recent years.

Bam Citadel has been referred to by Ferdowsi in his Shahnameh (Book of the Kings) for many times.

People used to live in the citadel until 150 years ago, and the last guardian of the castle, an elderly person, is still living in an eastern city of Kerman province called Rigan.

The magnificent citadel is currently under major restoration following the devastating earthquake.

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The Lariha House: One of the Best Preserved Qajar Era Houses in Yazd City

The Lariha House: One of the Best Preserved Qajar Era Houses in Yazd CityTEHRAN (Tasnim) - This is one of the best-preserved Qajar-era houses, located in the Fahadan neighborhood in Yazd, which belonged to Haj Muhammad Ibrahim Lari and was bui...
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Iran’s Beauties in Photos: Khuzestan’s Nature

Iran’s Beauties in Photos: Khuzestan’s Nature

In addition to pleasant air, there are a lot of ancient relics and natural beauties like dams, lagoons and big rivers in the province.

Natural beauties of Khuzestan provin...

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Fath Abad Garden: One of the Most Beautiful Gardens in Iran

Fath Abad Garden: One of the Most Beautiful Gardens in IranTEHRAN (Tasnim) - Fathabad garden is located about 25km outside Iran's southeastern city of Kerman. According to historians, this pattern has been used to constructing Sh...
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Plane Carrying First Group of Brazilian Tourists Lands in Iran

The passengers including 62 tourists and 14 crew members have earlier traveled to Japan, China and India before arriving in Iran and will head to Italy and Morocco after ...

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Gilan Rural Heritage Museum: A Museum in Saravan Forest Park

Gilan Rural Heritage Museum: A Museum in Saravan Forest ParkTEHRAN (Tasnim) - The visitors of the Rural Museum are plunged into a genuine world of customs and traditions and have the opportunity to watch and explore rural living e...
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Persian Architecture in Photos: Bazaar of Qom

Persian Architecture in Photos: Bazaar of Qom

The bazaar of Qom was first built in a linear form running from the old square to the bridge of Alikhani, but at the moment it comprises of two sectors – the old and new ...

Last Updated ( Friday, 20 April 2018 09:22 )

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Iran’s Beauties in Photos: Historic Port of Kong

Iran’s Beauties in Photos: Historic Port of Kong

At a 2006 census, its population was 14,881, in 2,908 families. Kong residents speak and write in Arabic, and many of them can also speak Persian.

The city has in the past...

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Abgoosht: One of the Most Traditional Foods of Iran

Abgoosht: One of the Most Traditional Foods of IranTEHRAN (Tasnim) - Abgoosht is a Persian and Mesopotamian stew. It is also called Dizi, which refers to the traditional stone crocks it is served in....
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Shrine of Fatima Massumeh in Iran's Qom

Shrine of Fatima Massumeh in Iran's QomTEHRAN (Tasnim) - Hazrat Fatima Masumeh (SA), the daughter of Imam Kazem (AS), the seventh Shiite Imam and sister of the eighth Shiite Imam, Imam Reza (AS) is one of the ...
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Nowruz Travels in Iran Increase by 20%: VP

Nowruz Travels in Iran Increase by 20%: VP

He said an overall number of 74 million travellers/nights has been registered during Nowruz holidays which shows a 20 percent growth compared with the previous year.

132 m...

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Photography

Mount Damavand is the highest peak in Iran and the highest volcano in Asia.

Travel tips

Things to Know Before Trip
One of the most important things to remember is that Iranians aren’t Arabs, they’re Persian. They speak Farsi (and other dialects), not Arabic, and some people might feel offended if you great them with Arabic words.
  • What’s the best time to travel to Iran?
  • Iranian don’t hate Americans
  • Iran is a great place for backpacking

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